Conservation

The protection of nature and biodiversity is regulated on international, national and local level by directives, laws and other regulations and rules. In most cases the various protection statuses overlap one another, so that a single area or gesote may have several different protection levels that complement one another. The complex nature protection of more than half of the Idrija Geopark area is also complemented by the European regulation Nature 2000. There are eight Nature 2000 areas in the Municipality of Idrija. The Trnovo forest was proclaimed an important area for forest bird species on the basis of the Birds Directive, while other areas were selected on the basis of the Habitats Directive.


Fundamental law in the field of conservation and protection of nature is The Nature Conservation Act, which regulates protection of biodiversity and natural heritage. The termination of the importance of natural heritage as nationally or locally important is regulated by the Rules on the designation and protection of valuable natural features. The protection of sites of international of great national importance (Anthony's Main Road, Idrija ore deposit, Wild lake,…) are within the competences of the state. The Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for Nature Conservation performs the expert tasks within the field of nature conservation. The law also anticipates protection regimes, types, meaning and methods of protection, protection measures (protection, contractual protection and restoration) and policies aimed at conserving natural heritage. The rules and actions for natural heritage protection are laid down in the Decree on the categories of valuable natural features. The Geopark Idrija has 266 natural heritage sites of national importance. Among these are all the most famous natural phenomena representing the most important parts of nature and all 224 underground caves in the Geopark. Pursuant to the Cave Protection Act, all karst caves in Slovenia have the Status of natural heritage of national importance.


The competences of the municipality relate to the protection of natural heritage of local importance, which includes the planning and adoption of protection measures, as well as popularisation of the protection of the natural heritage of local importance. The protection of geosites in the protected areas within the Idrija Geopark is laid down in municipal ordinances, which specify the protection regimes for the most important geological localities on the local level. The Upper Idrijca Landscape Park is the biggest protected area in Geopark Idrija, which also includes Bukov Vrh nature reserve, 17 natural monuments (Bedrova grapa gorge, part of the Govškarca River basin, 9 karst caves,…


Some geological localities in the Geopark are also protected in combination with cultural heritage. For example, Anthony's Main Road, Francis's Shaft and Joseph's Shaft also have the protection status of a cultural monument. This overlapping is particularly intensive in the area of the Idrija ore deposit, the mine and the town of Idrija, as well as in all sites that were historically or technologically connected with the Idrija Mine.
Listed below are the legal acts that served as a legal basis for the protection of geological phenomena and the conservation of natural and cultural heritage in the proposed Geopark Idrija.

Read more about the bonton in the nature - click the photo!

Bonton_naslovnica_ang

 

International conventions and EU regulations

- Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora,
- Council Directive 79/409/EEC of 2 April 1979 on the conservation of wild birds.

These two directives represents a legal basis for Nature 2000.

National laws

- Nature Conservation Act. Official Gazette of RS, nos. 56/99, 31/00, 119/02, 41/04, and 96/04, National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia,
- Cave Protection Act. Official Gazette of RS, no. 2/04, National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia, Ljubljana,
- Decree on the categories of valuable natural features. Official Gazette of RS, nos. 52/02 and 67/03, Government of the Republic of Slovenia, Ljubljana,
- Rules on the designation and protection of valuable natural features. Official Gazette of RS, nos. 111/04, 70/06, 58/09, and 93/10, Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning, Ljubljana,
- Decree on special protection areas (Nature 2000 areas). Official Gazette of RS, nos. 49/04, 110/04, 59/07, and 43/08, Government of the Republic of Slovenia, Ljubljana,
- Cultural Heritage Protection Act. Official Gazette of RS, nos. 7/99, 110/02, 126/03, 63/07, 16/08, 123/08, and 8/11, National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia, Ljubljana,

Local rules and decrees

In the Municipality of Idrija, nature conservation and protection is regulated by the following rules:
- Decree on the Proclamation of Cultural and Historical Monuments and Natural Sites in the Area of the Municipality of Idrija (Official Gazette of RS, nos. 16/86,17/88, 56/93, 45/97, 131/03, 45/07, and 115/07), Municipality of Idrija, Idrija,
- Decree on the protection of a part of the Govškarca River basin (Official Gazette of RS, no. 25/89), Municipality of Idrija, Idrija,
- Decree on the proclamation of the Zgornja Idrijca Landscape Park (Official Gazette of RS, nos. 11/93 and 37/95), Municipality of Idrija, Idrija,
- Decree on the proclamation of technical heritage in Idrija and its surroundings for cultural monuments of national importance (Official Gazette of RS, nos. 66/01, 55/02, 16/08, and 20/09), Government of the Republic of Slovenia, Ljubljana.

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